What is a literature review a literature review is a critical analysis of published sources, or literature, on a particular topic it is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation at postgraduate level literature reviews can be incorporated into an article, a research report or. Writing a literature review as an academic writer, you are expected to provide an analytical overview of the significant literature published on your topic if your audience knows less than you do on the topic, your purpose is instructional if the audience knows more than you do, your purpose is to demonstrate familiarity,. What is a literature review what purpose does it serve in research what should you expect when writing one find out here in this guide from ncsu libraries write a lit review from virginia commonwealth university follow this guide to learn how to write a literature review, beginning with a synthesis. Introduction the purpose of a literature review is to critically evaluate all of the significant literature surrounding a particular topic or research area as well as providing a description and summary of the literature to date, it should also evaluate and analyse the material and present it in an organised manner. Pamela fry writing centre literature review template definition: a literature review is an objective, critical summary of published research literature relevant to a topic under consideration for research its purpose is to create familiarity with current thinking and research on a particular topic, and may justify future research. Writing narrative literature reviews review of general psychology 1 ( september 1997): 311-320 mark r fink, arlene conducting research literature reviews: from the internet to paper 2nd ed thousand oaks, ca: sage, 2005 hart, chris doing a literature review: releasing the social science research.
Writing a literature review what is a literature review a literature review is a survey of everything that has been written about a particular topic, theory, or research question it may provide the background for larger work, or it may stand on its own much more than a simple list of sources, an effective literature. This handout will explain what literature reviews are and offer insights into the form and construction literature reviews. Writing a literature review what is a literature review a literature review is a survey and discussion of the literature in a given area of study it is a concise overview of what has been studied, argued, and established about a topic, and it is usually organized chronologically or thematically a literature review is written in. Example of literature reviews from helen m paterson (2004), “co-witnesses and the effects of discussion on eyewitness memory” phd thesis submitted to unsw.
Guidelines for writing a literature review by helen mongan-rallis last updated: november 21, 2014 [note: for these guidelines, in some sections i have quoted directly some of the the steps from: galvan, j (2006) writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd ed) glendale, ca: pyrczak. This section offers a sample literature review, written by an undergraduate psychology student at purdue university since it's a real paper written by a real student, we haven't corrected the student's errors, but have instead included comments that point them out if you have a comment you'd like to add to the paper, send us. Postgraduate students in many disciplines, especially social sciences and sciences, need to be able to write a literature review whether they are writing a short review as part of an honours assignment, or a full-length chapter in a phd thesis, students consistently find it a struggle to turn the mass of diverse material.
In 1984, jenny cushman, in her perceptive article, 'the chinese community in australian historiography' made a passionate plea for historians to move away from studies of australian attitudes to relocate the chinese experience within the chinese community itself she further urged researchers to investigate the way. Literature reviews are in great demand in most scientific fields their need stems from the ever-increasing output of scientific publications  for example, compared to 1991, in 2008 three, eight, and forty times more papers were indexed in web of science on malaria, obesity, and biodiversity, respectively.
A critical review it is important that your literature review is more than just a list of references with a short description of each one the study guides: what is critical reading and what is critical writing are particularly relevant to the process of critical review merriam (1988:6) describes the literature review as.